Course: MD 559 - Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Renal Systems

The Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Renal Systems (CRR) course uses multiple learning modalities to emphasize the pathophysiology of diseases that affect these 3 related organ systems. Students recognize life and organ threatening disease processes and study pharmacological and interventional management of diseases affecting the cardiovascular, respiratory and renal systems. Basic biology and genetics are integrated with clinical data, including diagnostic testing and clinical imaging. The course also examines scientific and genetic evidence in the clinical management of sudden cardiac death, cystic fibrosis, asthma, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, and hypertension. The final week of CRR emphasizes organ integration in diseases such as hypertension, shock and acid-base disorders. Students also learn and apply clinical skills pertaining to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. (8.5 credit hours)


Course Administration

Andrew-J-Hale-MD_jpgCourse Director
Andrew J. Hale, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Medicine
(802) 448-8604